Chandrayaan 3 GK for Assam Competitive Exam - Science & Technology GK for APSC

Indian Science & Technology GK Quiz for APSC - Science and Technology Current Affairs 2023

Hello, aspirants are you preparing for UPSC, APSC or any other Govt Exams? If yes, then you must be aware of the most important India Current Affairs 2023 for the upcoming competitive exam preparation. Therefore every aspirants need to know the latest India GK and Current Affairs 2023 for UPSC-APSC and other govt exams. In this regard "World_Polity" decides to provide you the most important India Current Affairs of 2023 Chandrayaan 3 GK - Science & Technology GK for the upcoming UPSC/APSC/SSC/IBPS/PNRD/JAA/Irrigation/DHS/Assam Police/Assam TET/Grade III & Grade IV exams. Infact the Chandrayaan 3 GK & News 2023 questions and answers will be a key topic in the GK current affairs section for the upcoming exams. So the Chandrayaan 3 GK for Assam Competitive Exam - Science & Technology GK for APSC will be a pedestrian to crack your exam. 

Chandrayaan 3 GK for Assam Competitive Exam - Science & Technology GK for APSC

Chandrayaan 3 GK for APSC

Indian Science & Technology GK Quiz for APSC

In this article we have provided you latest Current Affairs GK questions and answers on Indian Science & Technology for APSC. So, read these most important Science & Technology GK & News 2023 for the upcoming civil services exam as well as for other govt exams. This Indian Science & Technology GK Quiz for APSC are extremely important and should be a part of your preparation.

Science and Technology Current Affairs 2023

In order to succeed in the prestigious competitive examination, it is important that the aspirant has access to the latest updated monthly India current affairs 2023. Specially the toppers of competitive exam recommend that aspirant start their preparation with the latest monthly Current Affairs topics such as Science and Technology gk for the upcoming any competitive exams.

Chandrayaan 3 Important Details for Assam Competitive Exam

Chandrayaan 3 is mainly a very important topic of Science & Technology which is a major part of UPSC & APSC syllabus. Therefore every aspirant need to prepare the most current affairs section of Science & Technology for UPSC & APSC Prelim & Mains exam:

Chandrayaan 3 Mission

India’s third moon mission, Chandrayaan-3, is a continuation of Chandrayaan-2, which was launched in July 2019 and has as its goal to place a rover on the lunar South Pole. The Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota will launch the mission on July 14, 2023, using a Launch Vehicle Mark 3 (LVM3). Due to the COVID-19 pandemic’s delay in its production, India is now launched Chandrayaan 3 in 2023.

Chandrayaan 3 Details for APSC :: 

Four throttle-able engines will power the lander of ISRO’s Chandrayaan 3 mission. A Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV) will also be added to it. Up to a 100 km lunar orbit, the propulsion module will support the lander and rover combination. The Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload aboard the propulsion module allows researchers to examine spectral and Polarimetric observations of Earth from the lunar orbit.

Chandrayaan 3 GK for Assam Competitive Exam - Science & Technology GK for APSC

Chandrayaan 3 Mission for APSC

Lander payloads : 

Langmuir Probe (LP) to calculate the plasma density and its changes; Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) to measure thermal conductivity and temperature; Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) to measure seismicity around the landing site. For lunar laser ranging research, a NASA passive Laser Retroreflector Array is available.

Rover payloads : 

Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) for deriving the elemental composition in the vicinity of landing site. 

Chandra Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) : 

While the Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) measures the seismicity at the landing site, it will measure thermal conductivity and temperature.

Chandrayaan 3 Mission Objective for APSC ::

Chandrayaan 3 mission is to explore the far side of the Moon. The primary objective will be to demonstrate soft landing capability on the Moon.

Chandrayaan 3 Launch Date for APSC :: 

The mission will be launched on a GSLV Mark 3 heavy lift launch vehicle from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India, on July 14, 2023, with a possible launch date of July 14. Chandrayaan 3 will be launched into an orbit that is around 170 x 36,500 km elliptical for parking.

Chandrayaan 3 Important Announcement by PM Narendra Modi

• The date of Chandrayaan-3 landing - August 23 - will be celebrated as National Space Day.

• The spot on the Moon where Chandrayaan-3's lander Vikram touched down will be known as 'Shiv Shakti Point', 

• The point on the Moon where Chandrayaan-2 crashlanded in 2019 has been named 'Tiranga Point'.

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Chandrayaan 3 GK for Assam Competitive Exam - Science & Technology GK for APSC

Here are the most important current affairs on Chandrayaan 3 GK for Assam competitive exams. Read these most important Science & Technology GK 2023 for APSC in order to answer the questions :

1. What is the launch date for Chandrayaan 3 mission? 

Ans : 14th July, 2023 

2. The Chandrayaan 3 mission’s rover is known as.....

Ans : Pragyaan

3. The mission life of the Lander and Rover equal to....

Ans : 14 Earth Days

4. Which launcher is used for Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : GSLV-MK3

5. The mission objectives of Chandrayaan-3......

Ans : A. To demonstrate Rover roving on the moon and

B. To demonstrate a Safe and Soft Landing on Lunar Surface

C. To conduct in-situ scientific experiments.

6. How much did the Chandrayaan 3 mission cost?

Ans : 600 Crores

7. What is the total weight of Chandrayaan 3?

Ans : 3,900 kilograms

8. What is that one thing in Chandrayaan 3 and not in Chandrayaan 2?

Ans : Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV)

9. Which is missing in Chandrayaan 3?

Ans : Orbiter

10. Who is the director of the Chandrayaan 3 mission?

Ans : Ritu Karidhal

11. Who launched Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : The Indian Space Research Organisation

12. Where will Chandrayaan-3 land?

Ans : near the south pole of the moon at 70 degrees latitude

13. Which rocket was launched in Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : LVM-3

14. What are the three major modules of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : (i) the Propulsion module, 

(ii) Lander module, and 

(iii) Rover

15. What Is the EMI-EMC Test?

Ans : EMI-EMC (Electro – Magnetic Interference/ Electro – Magnetic Compatibility) test is conducted for satellite missions to ensure the functionality of the satellite subsystems in the space environment and their compatibility with the expected electromagnetic levels. This test is a major milestone in the realization of the satellites.

16. Who is the project Director of Chandrayan 3?

Ans : P Veeramuthuvel

17. What is the name of Scientist who designed the Camera of Chandrayan 3 ?

Ans : Anuj Nandi

18. When did the Vikram lander get separated from the propulsion module in Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : On 17th August 2023

19. What is the SATCAT No. (Satellite Catalog Number) assigned to Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : 57320

20. What is the name of the authority which assigns the SATCAT No.?

Ans : United States Space Command

21. Who is the chairman of ISRO?

Ans : S. Somanath

22. Who is the Mission Director of ISRO?

Ans : S. Mohanakumar

23. When did Chandrayaan-3 enter lunar orbit?

Ans : 5th August 2023.

24. What is the total payload mass (weight) of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : 3900 kg

25.  What is the payload mass (Weight) of the lander module of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : 1752 kg

26.  What is the payload mass (Weight) of the propulsion module of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : 2148 kg

27. What are the coordinates of the landing site on the moon on which the Chandrayaan-3 lander is expected to land?

Ans : 69.367621°S  32.348126°E

28. What is the weight of the Pragyan rover?

Ans : 26 Kilogram

29. How many wheels are there in the Pragyan rover?

Ans : 6

30. What is the mission life of the lander module of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : 1 Lunar Day (14 Earth Days)

31. What is the mission life of the rover module of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : 1 Lunar Day (14 Earth Days)

32.  How many throttle-able engines does the Vikram lander have?

Ans : 4

33. Who is the vehicle director of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : Biju C Thomas

34. On which pole of the moon the Chandrayaan-3 will land?

Ans : South Pole

35. When will Chandrayaan-3 land on the moon?

Ans : 23rd August 2023

36. What is the total weight of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans : 3900 kg

37. What are the challenges that ISRO will face in the Chandrayaan 3 mission?

(a) The south pole of the moon is a very challenging place to land, due to its extreme cold and lack of sunlight.

(b) The lander and rover are very complex and have never been used before.

(c) The mission is very expensive and ISRO may not have enough funding.

(d) All of the above

Ans : (d) All of the above

38. What are the challenges of landing on the moon's south pole?

a) The terrain is more rugged than other parts of the moon.

b) The gravity is weaker at the south pole.

c) The temperature is colder at the south pole.

d) All of the above

Ans : d) All of the above

39. What is the future of Chandrayaan-3?

a) ISRO is planning to launch a follow-up mission, Chandrayaan-4, in the near future.

b) Chandrayaan-4 will be a more ambitious mission, with the goal of landing on the moon's south pole and deploying a rover.

c) ISRO is also planning to launch a human mission to the moon in the coming decades.

d) All of the above

Ans : d) All of the above

40. What are the risks associated with Chandrayaan-3?

a) The lander could crash during landing.

b) The rover could malfunction.

c) the mission could be delayed or cancelled due to technical problems.

d) All of the above 

Ans: d) All of the above

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Important Information on Chandrayaan-3 for UPSC-APSC Prelims & Mains Exam ::

Chandrayaan-3 Launch Vehicle : 

Here is some information about the Chandrayaan-3 Launch Vehicle for APSC :

• The Chandrayaan-3 Launch Vehicle is a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III) rocket, which is also known as the Launch Vehicle Mark-3 (LVM-3).

• The GSLV Mk III is a three-stage heavy-lift launch vehicle developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

• The first stage of the GSLV Mk III is powered by two Vikas engines, the second stage is powered by a single C25 engine, and the third stage is powered by a single cryogenic engine.

• The Chandrayaan-3 Launch Vehicle is capable of lifting a payload of up to 4,000 kg into a geosynchronous transfer orbit.

• The launch of Chandrayaan-3 is scheduled for July 14, 2023, at 2:35 pm IST.

• The launch will take place from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India. 

Why will it take so many days for the lander to reach the moon?

This whole process is likely to take around 42 days, with the landing slated for August 23 at the lunar dawn.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission will be launched into space by the Launch Vehicle Mark-III, (LVM-III). After launching into an orbit around the Earth at an altitude of 179 km on Friday, the spacecraft will gradually increase its orbit in a series of manoeuvres to escape the Earth’s gravity and slingshot towards the moon. After reaching close to the moon, the spacecraft will need to be captured by its gravity.

What is special about Chandrayaan-3?

If Chandrayaan-3 is a success, it would be India's first successful landing of equipment on the lunar surface. Even though India has satellites orbiting the moon, certain kinds of data can be collected only from the surface of the cosmic body, as opposed to data collected from the orbit.

What is the importance of Chandrayaan-3 to India?

Chandrayaan-3 is the third Moon mission by India's space agency ISRO. The goal is to place a lander and rover on the lunar surface and operate them for roughly one lunar day, or 14 Earth days. The small rover, which weighs just 26 kilograms (57 pounds), will fly to the Moon inside the lander.

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