Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State wise, Designated year, Area for APSC

Complete list of Ramsar Sites in India and Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (Updated list of 2022)

Hello, aspirants are you preparing for UPSC/APSC or any other Govt Exams 2022? If yes, then you must be aware of the most important India GK Quiz for UPSC IAS Prelims for the upcoming exam preparation. Therefore every aspirants need to know the Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India for UPSC & APSC and other govt exams. In this regard "World_Polity" decides to provide you the most important List of of 49 Ramsar Sites in India for the upcoming UPSC IAS Prelims. Infact the Ramsar sites in India State wise, designated year, area in 2022 is one among the foremost relevant and important parts of the Exams like UPSC/State PSC/SSC and lots of other Competitive Exams. Therefore read carefully entire detail of the List of 49 Ramsar sites in India State wise in 2022 for the aspirants of different kind of competitive exams.

Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State wise, Designated year, Area for APSC

Ramsar Sites India

List of Ramsar sites in India State wise in 2022

In this article we have provided you most important List of Ramsar sites in India State wise in 2022. So, read these most important Ramsar sites in India State wise, Designated year, Area for the upcoming UPSC Prelims & Mains exam as well as other govt exams.

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Important Ramsar Sites in India

In order to succeed in the prestigious competitive examination, it is important that the aspirant has access to the latest updated Ramsar Sites in India. Specially the toppers of UPSC/APSC recommend that aspirant start their preparation with the latest India GK topics such as Ramsar Sites in India for the upcoming exams.

List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India for APSC

If you are preparing for any Government Exam you can expect one or two questions from the Ramsar Sites in India and Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. We have covered all the 49 Ramsar Sites in India in this article. Have a look at the Complete list of 49 Ramsar Sites in India

Ramsar Sites and Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

The term Ramsar was coined when the International treaty for the Conservation and Sustainable use of Wetlands was signed in the city of Iran called Ramsar in 1971 by UNESCO which came into force in 1975. February 2 is celebrated as International Wetland Day as the Ramsar Convention was signed on February 2, 1971. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands.

The 2nd of February each year is World Wetlands Day. The number of parties to the convention (COP) is 171 (as of May 2021). As of April 2022, there are 2,437 Ramsar sites around the world, protecting 254,691,993 hectares (629,357,620 acres).

Cobourg Peninsula in Australia was the first designated Ramsar site in 1974. The United Kingdom (175) has the world's largest number of Ramsar Sites followed by Mexico. Bolivia has the largest area with 148,000 square km under the Convention protection.

The purpose of declaring Ramsar Sites under the Ramsar Convention is to stop the worldwide loss of wetlands and conserve them through wise use and management. This aim requires international cooperation, policymaking, capacity building, and technology transfer. Wetlands International or the Ramsar wetlands are selected because of their ecological, botanical, zoological, limnological, or hydrological importance.

Ramsar Sites in India

List of Ramsar sites in India State wise in 2022 – Ramsar sites india

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands designated Khijadia Bird Sanctuary near Jamnagar in Gujarat and Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh as wetlands of international importance on the World Wetlands Day (2 February 2022). The addition of these two wetlands brings India’s total number of Ramsar Sites to 49, the most of any South Asian country.

The Ramsar convention entered into force in India on February 1, 1982. India’s tally of 49 designated wetlands spread over 10,936 sq km in 18 states and two Union Territories is the largest network of Ramsar Sites in South Asia, tweeted Prime Minister Narendra Modi after the latest inclusions. Of the 49 sites, 10 are in UP, 6 in Punjab, 4 each in Gujarat and Jammu and Kashmir, 3 each in Himachal Pradesh and Kerala, 2 each in Haryana, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, Rajasthan and one each in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Ladakh, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand and Madhya Pradesh.

Year wise list of 49 Ramsar Sites in India 

SiteState/UTDesignated yearArea (km2)
Chilika LakeOdisha1 October 19811165
Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan1 October 198128.73
Harike WetlandPunjab23 March 199041
Loktak LakeManipur23 March 1990266
Sambhar LakeRajasthan23 March 1990240
Wular LakeJammu and Kashmir23 March 1990189
Ashtamudi WetlandKerala19 August 2002614
Bhitarkanika MangrovesOdisha19 August 2002650
Bhoj WetlandMadhya Pradesh19 August 200232
Deepor BeelAssam19 August 200240
East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal19 August 2002125
Kanjli WetlandPunjab22 January 20021.83
Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh19 August 2002901
Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu19 August 2002385
Pong Dam LakeHimachal Pradesh19 August 2002156.62
Ropar WetlandPunjab22 January 200213.65
Sasthamkotta LakeKerala19 August 20023.73
TsomoririLadakh19 August 2002120
Vembanad-Kol WetlandKerala19 August 20021512.5
Chandra TaalHimachal Pradesh8 November 20050.49
Hokera WetlandJammu and Kashmir8 November 200513.75
Renuka LakeHimachal Pradesh8 November 20050.2
Rudrasagar LakeTripura8 November 20052.4
Surinsar-Mansar LakesJammu and Kashmir8 November 20053.5
Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)Uttar Pradesh8 November 2005265.9
Nalsarovar Bird SanctuaryGujarat24 September 2012123
Sundarban WetlandWest Bengal1 February 20194230
Nandur MadhameshwarMaharashtra21 June 201914
Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh19 September 20192
Sarsai Nawar JheelUttar Pradesh19 September 20192
Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab26 September 201934
Beas Conservation ReservePunjab26 September 201964
Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryPunjab26 September 20191
Sandi Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh26 September 20193
Samaspur Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh3 October 20198
Parvati Arga Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2 December 20197
Saman Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2 December 20195
Asan BarrageUttarakhand21 July 20204.44 stretch
Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal LakeBihar21 July 202026.2
Sur SarovarUttar Pradesh13 November 20204.31
Lonar LakeMaharashtra13 November 20204.27
Tso Kar WetlandLadakh17 November 202095.77
Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryHaryana25 May 20214.11
Haiderpur WetlandUttar Pradesh25 December 2021142.5
Sultanpur National ParkHaryana25 May 2021142.5
Thol LakeGujarat05 April 20216.99
Wadhvana WetlandGujarat05 April 202110.38
Bakhira SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2 February 202229.00
Khijadiya Bird SanctuaryGujarat2 February 20226.05

How Ramsar Convention Conserves these sites

• The Ramsar treaty encourages the designation of wetland sites containing representative, rare or unique wetlands, or wetlands that are important for conserving the biological diversity.

• After a site is added to the Convention’s List of Wetlands of International Importance it become known as Ramsar sites.

• When a wetland is declared as a Ramsar site, the host country agree to establish and oversee a management framework for conserving the wetland and ensuring its wise use.

What are the criteria to identify the Wetlands of International Importance?

There are nine criteria for identifying Wetlands of International Importance. These criteria are provided in the table below :

Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State wise, Designated year, Area for APSC

Criteria to identify Wetlands

Which is largest Ramsar site in India

Area: 423,000 ha  Designation date: 30-01-2019 
The Sundarban Wetland is located in the delta of the rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra in the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest, which includes hundreds of islands and a maze of rivers, rivulets, and creeks.

The Indian Sundarban, which covers the delta’s southernmost reaches, accounts for more than 60% of the country’s total mangrove forest area and contains 90% of the Indian mangrove species.

Sundarbans Wetland in West Bengal having 4230 Sq. Km. area is largest Ramsar site in India

Smallest Ramsar site in India

Area: 20 ha  – Designation date: 08-11-2005 – smallest wetland in india

Renuka Wetland in Himachal Pradesh having 0.2 Sq. Km area is the smallest Ramsar site in India.

Renuka wetland is a natural wetland with freshwater springs and inland subterranean karst formations, fed by a small stream flowing from the lower Himalayans out to the Giri river

There are 103 species of birds in Renuka wetland, of which 66 are residents, e.g., the Crimson-breasted Barbet, Mayna, Bulbul, pheasants, egrets, herons, mallards, and lapwing.

The Renuka lake has high religious significance and is named after the mother of the Hindu sage “Parshuram”. It is visited by thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. 

Which is the first Ramsar Site in India?

Area: 2,873 ha  Designation date: 01-10-1981 

Keoladeo Ghana NP: Added to the Montreux Record on July 4, July 1990. It is a World Heritage Site, a National Park, and a Bird Sanctuary. Keoladeo is a collection of ten artificial, seasonal lagoons of varying sizes located in a densely populated area. 

Keoladeo Ghana NP in Rajasthan and Chilka Lake in Orissa were together declared first Ramsar sites in India on 1.10.1981.

The Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State wise, Designated year, Area is an important General Knowledge topic. The question from this topic can be asked in the General Awareness section. Candidates preparing for any Government exam such as UPSC, State PCS, Railway, Banking, and SSC must learn the list given in this article.

• Must visit : UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

• Must visit : List of Biosphere Reserves in India

• Must visit : List of 53 Tiger Reserves in India

• Must visit : List of National Organisations & their Headquarters

• Must visit : List of First in India for APSC

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