Full List of 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 2022 for APSC

World Heritage Sites in India 2022 : 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites for Upcoming Competitive Exams

Hello, aspirants are you preparing for UPSC/APSC or any other Govt Exams 2022? If yes, then you must be aware of the most important India GK Quiz for APSC Prelims & Mains for the upcoming exam preparation. Therefore every aspirants need to know the Full List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 2022 for APSC Prelims & Mains and other all India & state level govt exams. In this regard "World_Polity" decides to provide you the most important List of 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites for Upcoming Competitive Exams. Infact the 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 2022 is one among the foremost relevant and important parts of the Exams like UPSC/State PSC/SSC and lots of other Competitive Exams. Therefore read carefully entire detail of the List of latest 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 2022 for the aspirants of different kind of competitive exams.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

Full List of 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 2022 for APSC

List of Latest UNESCO Sites in India 2022

In this article we have provided you most important List of Latest UNESCO Sites in India 2022. So, read these most important UNESCO Sites in India for the upcoming UPSC - APSC Prelims & Mains exam as well as other govt exams.

40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

In order to succeed in the prestigious competitive examination, it is important that the aspirant has access to the latest updated 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Specially the toppers of UPSC/APSC recommend that aspirant start their preparation with the latest India GK topics such as World Heritage Sites in India for the upcoming exams.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India for APSC

If you are preparing for any Government Exam you can expect one or two questions from the most important UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India, Creation Year. We have covered all the 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites of India for APSC in this article. Have a look at the Complete list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.

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List of 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 2022 Important

There are 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. UNESCO World Heritage Committee organised its 44th session at Fuzhou in China. At the 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, it was decided to include the Kakatiya Rudreshwar Temple (Rampappa Temple) in Telangana and Dholavira, Harappan City in the Rann of Kutchh in Gujarat in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.

Latest World Heritage Sites in India 2022

Natural World Heritage Sites In India

No.Natural World Heritage SiteStateYear of NotificationArea (In Km2)
1Kaziranga National ParkAssam1985429.96
2Keoladeo Ghana National ParkRajasthan198528.73
3Manas Wildlife SanctuaryAssam1985391.00
4Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of FlowersUttarakhand1982
5Sunderbans National ParkWest Bengal19841,330.10
6Western GhatsMaharashtra,
Tamil Nadu and
7Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh2014905.4

Cultural World Heritage Sites in India

S No.Name of Cultural World Heritage SiteStateYear of Notification
1Agra FortUttar Pradesh1983
2Ajanta CavesMaharashtra1983
3Buddhist Monuments at SanchiMadhya Pradesh1989
4Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological ParkGujarat2004
5Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly Victoria Terminus)Maharashtra2004
6Churches and Convents of GoaGoa1986
7Elephanta CavesMaharashtra1987
8Ellora CavesMaharashtra1983
9Fatehpur SikriUttar Pradesh1986
10Great Living Chola TemplesTamil Nadu1987
11Group of Monuments at HampiKarnataka1986
12Group of Monuments at MahabalipuramTamil Nadu1984
13Group of Monuments at PattadakalKarnataka1987
14Hill Forts of RajasthanRajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagron)2013
15Humayun’s Tomb, DelhiDelhi1993
16Khajuraho Group of MonumentsMadhya Pradesh1986
17Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh GayaBihar2002
18Mountain Railways of IndiaTamil Nadu1999
19Qutb Minar and its Monuments, DelhiDelhi1993
20Rani-Ki-Van (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, GujaratGujarat2014
21Red Fort ComplexDelhi2007
22Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaMadhya Pradesh2003
23Sun Temple, KonarakOrissa1984
24Taj MahalUttar Pradesh1983
25The Jantar Mantar, JaipurRajasthan2010
26.Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at NalandaRajasthan Bihar2016
27.The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementChandigarh2016
28.Historic City of AhmedabadAhmedabad, Gujarat, India2017
29.Victorian Gothic and Art Deco EnsemblesMumbai, Maharashtra2018
30.The Walled City of JaipurRajasthan2019
32.Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) TempleTelangana2021

  Mixed Word Heritage Sites In India

S No.Name of Mixed World Heritage SiteStateYear of Notification
1Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim2016

• Taj Mahal is currently the most searched UNESCO World Heritage Site in the world. The stunning Taj Mahal in Agra had 1.4 Million searched every month. 

Criteria for UNESCO World Heritage Sites :

1. Human creative genius.

2. Interchange of values.

3. Testimony to cultural tradition.

4. Significance in human history.

5. Traditional human settlement.

6. Heritage associated with events of universal significance.

7. Natural phenomena or beauty.

8. Major stages of Earth’s history.

9. Significant ecological and biological processes.

10. The significant natural habitat for biodiversity.

Key points about UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

1. Ajanta Caves

Famous for Buddhist Rock-cut Cave Monuments. It is richly decorated with Paintings and Frescoes like Sigiriya Paintings.

2. Ellora Caves 

Jain and Hindu Temples and Monasteries. These caves were excavated out of Hills, and it is a rock-cut Architecture.

3. Agra Fort 

This is one of the most prominent monumental structures by the Mughal empire.

4. Taj Mahal 

This is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. King Shahjahan had built this structure in the memory of his third wife Begum Mumtaz Mahal.

5. Sun Temple 

This temple is famous for the traditional style of Kalinga Architecture.

6. Mahabalipuram Monuments

This monument is famous for the Mahabalipuram Largest. Open Air Rock Relief, Mandapas, Chariot Temples, It is a Pallava Dynasty Architecture.

7. Kaziranga National Park

Famous for Worlds 2/3rd population of Great One-Horned Rhinoceroses. It has the highest density of Tigers in the World, Wild Water Buffalo, Elephants, Swamp Deer, and the park is also recognized as the Important Bird Area.

8. Keoladeo National Park

This National Park is popular for Man-Made Wetland Bird Sanctuary, Hotspot for Ornithologists, and Siberian Cranes.

9. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

This sanctuary is famous for Project Tiger Reserve, Biosphere Reserve and Elephant Reserve

10. Churches and Convents of Goa

It is famous for Rome of the Orient, First Manueline, Mannerist and Baroque Art Forms in Asia, First Latin Rite Mass in Asia.

11. Monuments of Khajuraho 

This monument is popular for a group of Jain and Hindu Temples. It is situated 175 km southeast of Jhansi. Well known for their Nagara style symbolism and erotic Figures and sculptures.

12. Monuments of Hampi

Prosperous kingdom of Vijayanagar. The ruins at Hampi depict the fine Dravidian style of art and architecture. The most important heritage monument in this site is the Virupaksha Temple.

13. Fatehpur Sikri

It structure constitutes of four main Monuments. The Jama Masjid, The Buland Darwaza,
Panch Mahal or Jada Baai ka Mahal, Diwane-Khas, and Diwan-eaam.

14. Elephanta Caves

It is popular for Buddhist and Hindu caves. It is situated on Island in the Arabian Sea. And has Basal Rock Caves, and Shiva Temples.

15. Great Living Chola Temples

This temple is popular for Chola Architecture, Sculpture, Painting, and Bronze Casting.

16. Pattadakal Monuments

It is popular for its Chalukya style of architecture that originated in Aihole and blended with the Nagara and Dravidian styles of architecture.

17. Sundarbans National Park

This National Park is popular as Biosphere Reserve, Largest Estuarine Mangrove Forest, Bengal Tiger, and Salt-Water Crocodile.

18. Nanda Devi & Valley of Flowers National Park

It is famous for Snow Leopard, Asiatic Black Bear, Brown Bear, Blue Sheep, and Himalayan Monal, World Network of Biosphere

19. Monuments of Buddha

It is popular for Monolithic Pillars, Palaces, Monasteries, Temples Mauryan Architecture, Ye Dharma Hetu Inscriptions.

20. Humayun’s Tomb

It is popular for the Precursors to the Taj Mahal and Mughal Architecture. It constitutes a Tomb, a Pavilion, any Water Channels, and A Bath

21. Qutub Minar and its Monuments

Includes Qutub Minar, Alai Darwaza, Alai Minar, Qubbat-ul-Islam Mosque, Tomb of Iltumish, and Iron Pillar.

22. Mountain Railways of Darjeeling, Kalka Shimla & Nilgiri

The mountain railways of India comprise of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri
Mountain Railway, and the Kalka-Shimla.

23. Mahabodhi Temple

An important religious center for the Buddhists as this was the place where Mahatma Buddha attained enlightenment. Bodh Gaya is considered as the holiest pilgrimage spot for the Buddhists.

24. Bhimbetka

It is famous for Rock Paintings within Natural Rock Shelters, Stone Age Inscriptions, Sitting Place of Bhima (Mahabharata).

25. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

It is popular for central Railways Headquarters, Terror Attacks on Mumbai in 2008, Gothic Style Architecture.

26. ChampanerPavagadhArchaeological Park

This place is the only complete and unchanged Islamic pre-Mughal city. The park also houses some of the ancient Chalcolithic Indian Sites, from the Stone Age era.

27. Red Fort

It is popular for Shahjahanabad, Persian, Timuri and Indian Architectural Styles, Red Sandstone Architecture, Moti Masjid.

28. Jantar Mantar 

Famous for Architectural Astronomical Instruments, Maharaja Jai Singh II, Largest of its kind Observatory.

29. The Western Ghats

Famous for Among World’s Ten “Hottest Biodiversity Hotspots”. Includes many National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, and Reserve Forests.

30. Hill Forts 

This place is famous for its unique Rajput Military Defense Architecture. It includes six majestic forts in Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amber Fort, and Jaisalmer Fort.

31. Rani Ki Vav

It is an explicit example of fine Ancient Indian architecture which is constructed during
the time of the Solanki dynasty.

32. Great Himalayan National Park

It is home to about 375 fauna species and several floral species, including some very rare
species of plants and animals such as blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan brown
bear, Himalayan Tahr, musk deer spruces, horse chestnuts, and huge alpine meadows.
It is a part of the Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspots.

33. Nalanda 

A centre of learning and a Buddhist monastery from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE.

34. Khangchendzonga National Park

The national park is famous for its fauna and flora, with snow leopard being occasionally sighted.

35. Architectural Work of Le Corbusier (Capitol Complex)

Recognized as a World Heritage Site as part of an outstanding contribution to the Modern Movement.

36. The Historic City 

A walled city on the banks of Sabarmati where communities following Hinduism, Islam, and Jainism have co-existed for centuries.

37. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles

It is a collection of 94 buildings of great cultural importance, located in the Fort Area of Mumbai.

38. The Pink City

Jaipur is home to many magnificent forts, palaces, temples, and museums and also filled to the brim with local handicrafts and trinkets.

39. Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple

The Ramappa Temple is situated in Palampet Village, Telangana. The temple is estimated to be at least 800 to 900 years old. The temple is especially known for lightweight porous bricks which are known as floating bricks

40. Dholavira

Dholavira is an architectural site situated in the Kutch district of Gujarat. It is one of the most prominent Indus Valley Civilisation sites.

The Full List of 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 2022 is an important General Knowledge topic for APSC Prelims & Mains exam. The question from this topic can be asked in the General Awareness section. Candidates preparing for any Government exam such as UPSC, State PCS, Railway, Banking, and SSC must learn the list given in this article.

Must visit : Countries With The Most UNESCO World Heritage Sites

• Must visit : List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India

• Must visit : List of 53 Tiger Reserves in India

Must visit : List of Biosphere Reserves in India

• Must visit : List of National Organisations & their Headquarters

• Must visit : List of International Organizations and their Headquarters

Frequently Asked Questions :

1. Which city of India has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage site recently?

Ans : Dholavira of Gujarat, the first site of ancient Indus Valley Civilization is the latest addition to the list from India, it was inscribed in July 2021

2. How many World Heritage Sites are there in India in 2022?

Ans : There are 40 World Heritage Sites located in India. These include 32 cultural sites, 7 natural sites, and 1 mixed-criteria site.

3. What is the theme of World Heritage Day 2022?

Ans : Heritage and Climate

4. How many World Heritage Sites are there in the world 2022?

Ans : There are currently 1,154 sites on the World Heritage List.

5. Which state has highest Unesco World Heritage Sites in India?

Ans : Maharashtra

6. Who announced 18th April as the World Heritage Day?

Ans : The International Day for Monuments and Sites was proposed by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) on 18 April 1982 and approved by the General Assembly of UNESCO in 1983.

7. Which city is known as Heritage city of India?

Ans : Ahmedabad

8. Which continent has the most world heritage sites?

Ans : Europe and North America

9. Where is UNESCO headquarters?

Ans : Paris, France

10. Which is the cultural capital of India?

Ans : Kolkata

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