UPSC-IAS Prelims Syllabus 2020 : Important topics of Current Affairs & Indian Polity

UPSC Latest Syllabus 2020

     The Civil Services Examination in India is mainly conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). It is one of the toughest exams in the country. 

The exam is conducted for the recruitment in the prestigious Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS) etc. The UPSC syllabus is common for of these services.

 Preparation for Civil Services Examination is very difficult wherein candidates got to be serious and methodical right from the start . 

The primary step towards starting your preparation is to urge familiar with the UPSC IAS Syllabus. during this article, World_Polity will give the detailed information about UPSC Syllabus – IAS 2020. 

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UPSC-IAS Prelims Syllabus 2020 : Important topics of Current Affairs & Indian Polity

πŸ‘‰  Civil Services Examination is conducted in Three Phases:

(i) Civil Services (Prelims) Exam (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates for the Mains Exam.

(ii) Civil Services Mains Examination (Written) for the selection of candidates for the next level of the UPSC IAS Exam.

(iii) Civil Services Personality Test (PT or Personal interview)- The final stage for selection.

     The syllabus for the Three Stages of the exam is inter-linked and needs a deeper look to understand the requirement of each stage of IAS Exam.

πŸ‘‰ UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020--

      The Civil Services Preliminary Exam has two compulsory papers of 200 marks each. Both papers are of objective types. 

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) are asked in both papers--

(i) General Studies Paper-I

(ii) General Studies Paper-II

Both papers have the maximum time limit of 2hrs and the General Studies Paper-II, popularly known as CSAT, is only qualifying in nature. 

The exam is conducted on a single day with Paper 1 in morning session and Paper 2 in evening session.

πŸ‘‰ IAS Prelims Syllabus-General Studies Paper I--

* Current events of national and international importance.

* History of India and Indian National Movement.

* Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

* Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

* Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

* General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.

* General Science.

It is important to note that UPSC has given top spot to current affairs only in the IAS syllabus for prelims exam. 

The IAS aspirants should study all the topics in the light of the current event only.

πŸ‘‰ IAS Prelims Syllabus - General Studies Paper-II (CSAT)--

* Comprehension

* Interpersonal skills including communication skills

* Logical reasoning and analytical ability

* Decision making and problem-solving

* General mental ability

* Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.)(Class X level), data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. — Class X level)

πŸ‘‰ Current Affairs Topics for IAS Prelims--

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Citizen Amendment Act

National Register of Citizens (NRC)

Article 370
Environmental conventions

New acts passed by Parliament

Triple Talaq Bill
Issues concerning Elections in India

India & Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

Interstate water disputes

Artificial Intelligence

Impact of Social Media

Increasing Heat Waves

Swachh Bharat Mission

Ease of Doing Business

International Criminal Court

US & China Trade war

Data Protection - Technology and Privacy

#MeTooMovement in India

India's air pollution

Supreme Court Judgements

Reconstitution of Cabinet Sub-committees

Decriminalisation of Politics

Iran nuclear deal

Ayushman Bharat – PMJAY Scheme

Draft Model Contract Farming Act 2018

Environment Performance Index

Women Safety

Cyber Security

Election funding


Rural Women Empowerment

Jobless growth in India

Extreme Weather and Health Hazards

Police Reforms in India

India’s growing underwater capability

Malimath Committee report

Current & future prospect of Indian economy

Digital Economy

Kashmir unrest & dispute

US withdrawals from various International alliances

Parliamentary disruptions

Uniform civil code

Privatisation of certain Healthcare Services

Marital rape

The merger of PSU banks

Privatisation of Air India

Capital Punishment/death sentence

Politics and Economics of farm loan waiver

National Medical Commission Bill

Barring MPs from practising law

Controversy over changing the Constitution

Section 377: Constitutionality Vs Morality

Data Localisation

Crisis in the sugar sector

National Biofuel Policy

Live streaming of SC proceedings

Doubling the Farmer’s income

Mob lynching

RTI amendments

Minimum Support Price

Non Performing Assets


Power & Role of RBI

πŸ‘‰ UPSC Important Topics of Polity 2020--


  It is said that UPSC doesn’t ask ques. on controversial topics, but they will easily ask a related or basic question. What during this case?

How citizenship is acquired and terminated as in Constitution ( remember Art. 5-8 5 ways of acquiring and three of termination.) 

 Scrapping of Article 370 and 35A –

So, was this an amendment or PRESIDENTIAL ORDER? 

How was it done? So, basically, President issued order under art. 370(1) which amended art.367 which had some provisions about the way to read some sections!! And therein 367 there was a term called “Constituent Assembly of J&K” which was amended to be readed as “LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.” 

 Anti Defection Law –

Why? just because of high voltage drama in KARNATAKA and now in MP. 

 Article 131 –

Why? because some states like Kerala have approached SC for CAA to be scrapped under this art. Now SC has given 2 judgements in West Bengal case and MP case(you can google it) about whether states can approach SC during this way. 

 Pardoning Powers of President –

Due to number of petitions applied by Nirbhaya case rapists to Presient.

 Promotion in Reservation –

You need to understand Indra Sawhney case(1992), M.Nagraj case(2006), Jarnail Singh(2018). Plus Constitutional Amendment no. 77 because the issue is recurringly getting into SC.

 Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Case, Sabarimala Case –

Instead of direct que., an easy que on any article from 25-30 could also be asked!!

 Inner Line Permit and Restricted Area Permit –

Who can issue it? Current states during which it's issued, under which British provision.

 Limits on after Retirement Practices –

SC, HC judges which of heads of other important bodies, as Justice, Ranjan Gogoi was nominated of a member of RajyaSabha recently.

 2019 General Elections –

Appointment of Protem Speaker, election of Speaker (note the difference between two),
the appointment of PM, Cabinet ministers. Basic knowledge of Election results,
use of VVPATS, EVM, the status of NATIONAL PARTY, registrations of Parties,
1951 Representation of People’s Act(some basic knowledge) etc.

 Cabinet Committees –

There are two newly formed (google them if you don’t know), so we must know their Presiding authority, members, their nature (Constitutional or statutory or what.)

 Constitutional Emergency –

It was applied in Maharashtra. therefore the role of Governor, articles associated with it, HOW CENTER STATE RELATIONS UNDERGO CHANGES DURING IT. Know the procedure for Floor test as given in S.R.Bommai case of SC. Plus if possible, keep a note of recommendations given by SARKARIA, PUNCCHI commissions and NCRWC(2000), (all given in M.Laxmikant exhaustively.) Remember there was a que. thereon in 2019 pre.

 Constitutional Amendment 126 – 

Why important? Because Modi Sarkar has stopped the reservation given to ANGLO INDIANS.(President wont to nominate 2 of them in each LokSabha.)

 5th and 6th schedule –

There was a Constitutional Amendment increasing powers of such areas. Plus BRU and BODO agreement done recently.


Why vital?
The act changes tenure, composition of Human Rights Commission, hence very vital to try to to basics of NHRC.

 RTI –

SC gave many judgements this year, the prominent one being “Including Office of CJI under RTI.” Govt. also had amended the Central Information Commission’s terms of appointment and salary.

 Impeachment of Prez. Donald Trump –

Questions may come on USA procedure of impeachment, comparison in USA and INDIAN model. Role of both houses in it.

 8th Amendment of eire –

Google it. it's given some reproduction related rights to women.

 Some important bodies to seem –

LOKPAL (you know 1st appointment was done last year.) Competition Commission of India, Delimitation Commission.

 100 years of Montague Chelmsford reforms in 2019 –

So look GOI ACT 1919. Basically, UPSC asks an issue on anybody of 1909,1919 or 1935 Act. So we must know the fundamentals .

So atlast these are just the areas from which questions might come. You all could be knowing these areas and should even have examine them, but my suggestion are going to be to travel to absolute basics and core of those areas. 

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