Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute for APSC

Inter-state Border Disputes in Northeast India

Hello, aspirants are you preparing for UPSC/APSC Mains exam? If yes, then you must be aware of the most important India Current Affairs for the upcoming competitive exam preparation. Therefore every aspirants need to know the recent trending current affairs for UPSC/APSC exam. In this regard "World_Polity" decides to provide you the most important Current Affairs topic of Assam the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute for the upcoming UPSC/APSC mains exam. Infact the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute will be a key topic in the Current Affairs section for the upcoming Mains exam. So the Inter-state Border Disputes in Northeast India special preferences to Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute for the exams will be a pedestrian to crack your exam.

Arunachal CM Pema Khandu (left) and Assam CM Himanta Biswa Sarma

Inter-state Border Disputes in Northeast India

In this article we have provided you recent trending current affairs topic related to North-East India the Inter-state Border Disputes in Northeast India special preferences to Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border DisputeSo, read this most important article on Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute for the upcoming UPSC/APSC Mains exams. Infact the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute is very important for APSC/UPSC mains exam.

Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute

While India is trying to solve the border dispute with China in the northeast, the northeastern states are stuck in their disputes. Border disputes are increasing in states like Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya.

Northeast India, covering an area of ​​2,62,179 sq km overall, is one of the most turbulent regions in India. The region suffers from problems like separatism, insurgency due to which some disputes occur among these states. At present, where India is trying to resolve an international border dispute with China, inner border disputes in these states are posing serious challenges. For the internal security of the country and the development of the people of the North-East, it is essential to end these disputes and move on the path of development.

Fresh tensions were reported along the border between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh in January 2022.

In August 2021, Assam chief minister Himanta Biswa Sarma told the state Assembly that there were at least 1,200 areas of dispute along the border with Arunachal Pradesh and that the two states were working toward solving it.

Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border dispute

Arunachal Pradesh, which was earlier a part of Assam, shares a boundary of roughly 800 km with the state. Dispute between the two states came to the fore after the establishment of Arunachal Pradesh as a Union Territory in 1972. Since then, frequent flare-ups have been reported along the border.

The process of demarcation of the boundary between Assam and Arunachal started in 1972 and by 1979, 396 km of the boundary was demarcated. However, a number of anomalies and disputes regarding the border surfaced during the survey. As a result, the process of demarcation had suspended.

The origin of this dispute dates back to colonial times, when the British in 1873 announced the inner line regulation. This regulation demarcated an imaginary boundary between plains and the frontier hills. This was later designated as the North East Frontier Tracts in 1915, which corresponds to the area that makes up present-day Arunachal Pradesh.

After Independence, the Assam government assumed administrative jurisdiction over the North East Frontier Tracts. Later, North East Frontier Tracts became the North East Frontier Agency (NEFA) in 1954, and finally, the Union Territory (UT) of Arunachal Pradesh in 1972. Arunachal Pradesh gained statehood in 1987.

Bone of contention

Before Arunachal Pradesh was carved out of Assam, a sub-committee headed by then Assam chief minister Gopinath Bordoloi submitted a report in 1951. The report made some recommendations in relation to the administration of NEFA (under Assam).

Based on this report, around 3,648 sq km of the plain area of Balipara and Sadiya foothills was transferred from Arunachal Pradesh (then NEFA) to Assam's then Darrang and Lakhimpur districts. This remains the bone of contention as Arunachal Pradesh refuses to accept this notification as the basis of demarcation.

Arunachal Pradesh has long held that the transfer was done without the consultation of its people. It was arbitrary, defective, and no tribal leader from Arunachal Pradesh was consulted before the land was transferred.

Arunachal had customary rights over these lands, considering the tribes living there would pay taxes to Ahom rulers.

Efforts at demarcation

Between 1971 and 1974, there were multiple efforts to demarcate the boundary but it did not work out. In April 1979, a high-powered tripartite committee was constituted to delineate the boundary on the basis of Survey of India maps.

By 1983-84, out of the 800 km, 489 km, mostly in the north bank of the Brahmaputra, were demarcated. However, further demarcation could not commence because Arunachal Pradesh did not accept the recommendations.

Must Read : Assam - Meghalaya Border Dispute

Must visit : Assam New Cabinet Ministers List 2022

Now World_Polity is on every platform you can connect with us by just clicking the below social media links. Thank You.

• Subscribe our Youtube channel

• Join our Facebook Page

• Join our telegram Channel

* Recent Top Most Searches :

Origin of the Tribes & Types of Tribes in North East India

• National Land Monetization Corporation for UPSC

India-China Border Tensions : The Worst Clash

Well if you like the article on Inter-state Border Disputes in Northeast India | Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute for APSC do comment & show your support by sharing it to the other aspirants and if there is any query you are welcome to ask.

Post a Comment