List of Satellites Launched by India and their Purpose for APSC : Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO List for Competitive Exams

A Complete List of Satellites Launched by ISRO - List of Indian Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO for Upcoming Govt Exams

Hello, aspirants are you preparing for UPSC/APSC or any other Govt Exams 2022? If yes, then you must be aware of the most important ISRO Current Affairs, GK & News for APSC Prelims & Mains for the upcoming exam preparation. Therefore every aspirants need to know the List of Satellites Launched by India and their Purpose for APSC & Competitive Exams and other all India & state level govt exams. In this regard "World_Polity" decides to provide you the most important Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO List for Competitive Exams. Infact the List of Indian Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO is one among the foremost relevant and important parts of the Exams like UPSC/State PSC/SSC and lots of other Competitive Exams. Therefore read carefully entire detail of the List of Satellites Launched by India and their Purpose : Types of ISRO Spacecrafts for different kind of competitive exams.

List of Satellites Launched by India and their Purpose for APSC : Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO List for Competitive Exams

Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO List

Full List of Indian Satellites, Launch Vehicles, Spacecrafts for UPSC

In this article we have provided you most important Full List of Indian Satellites, Launch Vehicles, Spacecrafts for UPSC. So, read these most important ISRO Current Affairs, GK & News for the upcoming UPSC - APSC Prelims & Mains exam as well as other govt exams.

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List of Indian Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO

In order to succeed in the prestigious competitive examination, it is important that the aspirant has access to the latest updated India GK Questions and Answers. Specially the toppers of UPSC/APSC recommend that aspirant start their preparation with the latest India GK topics such as List of Indian Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO for the upcoming exams.

Satellites Launched by ISRO List for APSC - ISRO GK & News

If you are preparing for any Government Exam you can expect one or two questions from the most important ISRO GK & News. Satellites Launched by ISRO List are an important topic for APSC Prelims. Every year aspirants can find questions based on Indian Satellites, Launch Vehicles, Spacecrafts in APSC Prelims. The good thing about these types of questions is that these are ‘either you know or you don’t’ type questions. If you mark it, it is highly probable that you will mark it right. We highly recommend you to go through this list a few times, to have a good grasp on this topic.

Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Indian space agency, founded in 1969 to develop an independent Indian space program. Its headquarters are in Bangalore (Bengaluru). ISRO’s chief executive is a chairman, who is also chairman of the Indian government’s Space Commission and the secretary of the Department of Space.

The Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established by Jawaharlal Nehru under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) in 1962, on the urging of scientist Vikram Sarabhai recognising the need in space research. INCOSPAR grew and became ISRO in 1969, within DAE. In 1972, the Government of India had set up a Space Commission and the Department of Space (DOS), bringing ISRO under the DOS. The establishment of ISRO thus institutionalised space research activities in India. It since then has been managed by the DOS, which governs various other institutions in India in domain of astronomy and space technology.

ISRO built India's first satellite, Aryabhata, which was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975.

ISRO has the world's largest constellation of remote-sensing satellites and operates the two satellite navigation systems GAGAN and NAVIC. It has sent two missions to the Moon and one to Mars.

• Must visit : Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation

ISRO is the national space agency of India for the purpose of all space-based applications like reconnaissance & communications and doing research. It undertakes the design and development of space rockets, satellites, explores upper atmosphere and deep space exploration missions. ISRO also has incubated its technologies in India's private space sector boosting its growth. The Indian space programme was founded and pushed ahead by the vision of Vikram Sarabhai, considered the father of the Indian space programme.

Types of ISRO Spacecrafts

Mainly, there are 7 types of satellites used by ISRO, which are :

• Communication Satellites

• Earth Observation Satellites

• Scientific Spacecraft

• Navigation Satellites

• Experimental Satellites

• Small Satellites

• Student Satellites

A Complete List of Satellites Launched by ISRO

The following table lists India's ground-breaking breakthroughs in science and technology :

List of Satellites Launched by India

The list of satellites launched by India are mentioned below : 

Year of LaunchSatelliteImportance
1975AryabhataFirst Indian Satellite. It gave valuable technological know-how about satellites.
1979Bhaskara-IFirst experimental remote sensing satellite that carried TV and microwave cameras.
1979Rohini Technology PayloadThe first Indian launch vehicle.
1980Rohini RS-1India’s first indigenous satellite launch.
1981Rohini RS-D1Launched by the first developmental launch of SLV-3 and carried a solid-state camera.
1981Ariane Passenger Payload ExperimentFirst experimental communication satellite.
1981Bhaskara-IISecond experimental remote sensing satellite.
1982INSAT-1AFirst operational multipurpose communication and meteorology satellite.
1983Rohini RS-D2Carried a smart sensor camera.
1983INSAT-1BVery successful. Revolutionized TV, radio, and telecommunications.
1987SROSS-1Less Accomplishment.
1988IRS-1AEarth observation satellite.
1988SROSS-2Less Accomplishment.
1988INSAT-1CLess Accomplishment.
1990INSAT-1DStill operational.
1991IRS-1BEarth observation satellite.
1992SROSS-CCarried gamma-ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.
1992INSAT-2DTIt was launched as Arabsat 1C.
1992INSAT-2A First satellite in the second-generation Indian-built INSAT-2 series.
1993INSAT-2BSecond satellite in INSAT 2 series.
1993IRS-1EEarth observation satellite.
1994SROSS-C2Less Accomplishment.
1994IRS-P2Earth observation satellite. Launched by second developmental flight of PSLV.
1995INSAT-2CStill in operation. Has television outreach beyond Indian boundaries.
1995IRS-1CEarth observation satellite.
1994IRS-P2Earth observation satellite.
1996IRS-P3Earth observation satellite.
1997INSAT-2DInoperable since 1997-10-04 due to power bus anomaly.
1997IRS-1DEarth observation satellite.
1999INSAT-2EMultipurpose communication and meteorological satellite.
1999IRS-P4 OCEANSATEarth observation satellite carrying a Multifrequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer (MSMR)and an Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM).
2000INSAT-3BMultipurpose communication satellite.
2001GSAT-1Experimental satellite for the first developmental flight of GSLV-D1.
2001Technology Experiment Satellite (TES)Experimental satellite to test new reaction control system, high-torque reaction wheels, and attitude and orbit control system.
2001INSAT-3CDesigned to provide continuity of the services of INSAT-2C and augment the existing INSAT capacity for communication and broadcasting.
2002Kalpana-1 (METSAT)First meteorological satellite built by Indian Space Research Organisation.
2003INSAT-3A Multipurpose satellite for communication, broadcasting, and meteorological services along with and Kalpana-1 and INSAT-2E.
2003GSAT-2Experimental satellite for the 2nd developmental test flight of GSLV.
2003INSAT-3ECommunication satellite to augment the existing INSAT System
2003RESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6)Most advanced Remote Sensing Satellite
2004EDUSAT (GSAT-3)India’s first satellite exclusively for education
2005HAMSATMicrosatellite for radio services to national and international community
Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO
2005CARTOSAT-1Earth observation satellite
2005INSAT-4ADirect-to-home(DTH) TV broadcasting
2006INSAT-4CGeosynchronous communications satellite
2007CARTOSAT-2Remote sensing satellite-carrying panchromatic camera
2007SRE-1 (Space Capsule Recovery Experiment)Test satellites to show an orbiting platform for performing tests in microgravity conditions
2007INSAT-4BSimilar to INSAT-4A
2007INSAT-4CRIdentical to INSAT-4C
2008CARTOSAT-2ASimilar to CARTOSAT-2
2008IMS-1Low-cost micro-satellite
2008Chandrayaan-1India’s first lunar probe
2009RISAT-2Radar imaging satellite
2009ANUSATResearch Microsatellite developed by Anna University
2009Oceansat-2Collects oceanographic, coastal and atmospheric data
2010GSAT-4Communications satellite technology which failed during the mission
2010CARTOSAT-2BEarth observation/remote sensing satellite.
2010GSAT-5P /INSAT-4DMission failed
2011RESOURCESAT-2Remote-sensing satellite
2011INSAT-4GC-band communication satellite
2011Youthsat Indo-Russian stellar and atmospheric satellite
2011GSAT-12communication satellite
2011Megha-TropiquesIndo-French collaborative effort to research on water cycle in the atmosphere
2012RISAT-1First indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite
2012GSAT-10advanced communication satellite
2013SARALMission for oceanographic studies
2013IRNSS-1ASeven spacecraft constituting the IRNSS space segment
2013INSAT-3Meteorological Satellite
2013GSAT-7Advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated for military purpose
2013Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)India’s first Mars orbiter
2014GSAT-14Geostationary communication satellite
2014IRNSS-1BSecond satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014IRNSS- 1CThird satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014GSAT-16communication satellite
2014IRNSS-1DFourth satellites in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014GSAT-6Communication satellite

List of Indian Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO

2015AstrosatIndia’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space Observatory
2015GSAT-15Communications satellite, carries GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) payload
2016IRNSS-1EFifth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016IRNSS-1FSixth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016IRNSS-1GSeventh and final satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016CARTOSAT-2CEarth observation remote sensing satellite
2016INSAT-3DRAn advanced meteorological satellite of India configured with an imaging System and an Atmospheric Sounder.
2016SCATSAT-1Miniature satellite to give climate anticipating, tornado expectation, and tracking services to India.
2017CARTOSAT-2DThe highest number of satellites (104 satellites) launched by a single launch vehicle.
2018CARTOSAT- 2FCartoSat-2F is the 6th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
2018MICROSAT- TDThis satellite is a technology demonstrator and the forerunner of future satellites.
2018INS -1CThis is the third satellite in the Indian Nanosatellite series, which carried a Miniature Multispectral Technology Demonstration (MMX-TD) Payload.
2018GSAT- 6AThis satellite is a high power S-band communication satellite configured around I-2K bus.
2018IRNSS -1IThis satellite is the 6th in the series and facilitates GPS navigation.
2018GSAT-29This satellite facilitates high-throughput communication.
2018HySYSIt facilitates Hyperspectral imaging services for agriculture, forestry, and military applications.
2018ExseedSat-1 1st privately funded satellite of India.
2018GSAT-11Heaviest spacecraft of India.
2018GSAT-7AFacilitates services for Indian Army and Air Force.
2019Microsat-RThis satellite facilitates Earth imaging for defense purposes.
2019KalamSAT-V2It is the world’s lightest satellite.
2019GSAT-31This is a high-throughput Telecommunication Satellite.
2019EMISATThis facilitates Electromagnetic intelligence to track any enemy radars for the IAF.
2019Chandrayaan-2India’s second lunar exploration mission.
2019Cartosat-3Cartosat-3 is one of the optical satellites with the highest resolutions in the world.
2020GSAT-30GSAT-30 is the 41st communication satellite launched by ISRO to replace INSAT-4A. It provides advanced telecommunication services to the entire Indian subcontinent.
2020EOS-01It is an earth observation satellite.

Important Upcoming Space Missions of ISRO (2022-23) : 

RISAT-1A- Launched on 14 February 2022, RISAT-1A is a Radar imaging satellite. Its configuration is similar to RISAT-1. It is a land-based mission with primary application in terrain mapping and analysis of the land area, ocean and water surface for soil moisture.

Gaganyaan 1- Expected to launch in the month of June this year, Gaganyaan-1 is an uncrewed spacecraft flight test. The spacecraft is being designed to carry three people, and a planned upgraded version will be equipped with rendezvous and docking capability. This will be the first of two flight tests prior to the inaugural crewed mission.

Aditya-L1- It will be launched in 2022. Aditya-L-1 is a solar observation. Aditya-L1 is the first Indian observatory class mission to study the solar corona using a solar coronagraph and also chromosphere using near UV instrument. X-ray spectroscopic instrument will provide flare spectra while in-situ payload observe the solar events during their passage from Sun to Earth. 

Chandrayaan-3- Expected to launch in August 2022, it is a Lunar lander, rover. Mission repeat of Chandrayaan-2 with lander, rover and a propulsion module to attempt a soft landing of the lunar surface.

Gaganyaan 2- Expected to launch in 2022-23, it is a second of two flight tests prior to the inaugural crewed mission.

NISAR- To be launched in 2023, NISAR is a SAR satellite. NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) is a joint project between NASA and ISRO to co-develop and launch a dual-frequency synthetic aperture radar satellite to be used for remote sensing. Itwill use the first dual-band radar imaging satellite. 

Gaganyaan 3- Expected to launch is 2023, it will be the first crewed Gaganyan mission. 

A Complete List of Satellites Launched by ISRO - List of Indian Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO for Upcoming Govt Exams is an important topic for APSC Prelims & Mains exam. The question from this topic can be asked in the General Awareness section. Candidates preparing for any Government exam such as UPSC, State PCS, Railway, Banking, and SSC must learn the list given in this article.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) :

1. Who is the founder of ISRO?

Ans : Vikram Sarabhai

2. Who is the youngest ISRO scientist?

Ans : Dr. Ritu Karidhal Srivastava

3. What is India's first rocket?

Ans : Aryabhata spacecraft

4. Where is the headquarter of ISRO?

Ans : Bengaluru

5. Who is the Indian missile woman?

Ans : Dr. Tessy Thomas

6. Who is known as the father of Indian space program?

Ans : Dr. Vikram Sarabhai

7. Who is the owner of ISRO?

Ans : Department of Space

8. What was the old name of ISRO?

Ans : INCOSPAR (Indian Space Research Organisation) 

9. Who is known as satellite Man of India?

Ans : Udupi Ramachandra Rao

10. Which Indian space scientist was recently Honoured in a Google doodle released in March 2021?

Ans : Udupi Ramachandra Rao

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