New Education Policy 2020 for APSC Prelims & Mains

Indian Cabinet Approves New National Education Policy

National Education Policy 2020: All You Need to Know 

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In this article we have provided you the detail about New Education Policy 2020. So, read this most important article on New Education Policy 2020, the Major Reforms in School Education for the upcoming APSC Prelims & Mains exam as well as other govt exams. This valuable detail on NEP 2020 for competitive exams are extremely important and should be a part of your preparation.

New Education Policy :: 

Education is fundamental for achieving full human potential, developing an equitable and just society, and promoting national development. Providing universal access to quality education is the key to India's continued ascent, and leadership on the global stage in terms of economic growth, social justice and equality, scientific advancement, national integration, and cultural preservation. Universal high-quality education is the best way forward for developing and maximizing our country's rich talents and resources for the good of the individual, the society, the country, and the world. India will have the highest population of young people in the world over the next decade, and our ability to provide high-quality educational opportunities to them will determine the future of our country.

The global education development agenda reflected in the Goal 4 (SDG4) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by India in 2015 - seeks to "ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all" by 2030. Such a lofty goal will require the entire education system to be reconfigured to support and foster learning, so that all of the critical targets and goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development can be achieved.

New National Education Policy :: 

The New Education Policy was launched on Wednesday, July 29 by Union Cabinet of India. The New National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge Superpower”. 

The New Education Policy the "5+3+3+4" structure will comprise 12 years of school and three of Anganwadi or Pre-School. 

One of the major decision, the Cabinet has renamed the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) as the "Ministry of Education". 

The Cabinet meeting is chaired by the Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi said I&B Minister Prakash Javedkar. The Union minister Prakash Javadekar said the changes are important as the policy, which was framed in 1986 and revised in 1992, had not been revised since then. 

National Education Policy 2020 will transform India into vibrant knowledge hub: PM Narendra Modi

Check the key points of the New Education Policy 2020 here:  

New Education Policy: Highlights

Outcomes of NEP 2020 

* Universalization from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030, aligning with SDG4

* Attaining Foundational Learning & Numeracy Skills through National Mission by 2025

* 100% GER in Pre-School to Secondary Level by 2030

* Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023

* Inclusive & Equitable Education System by 2030

* Board Exams to test core concepts and application of knowledge

* Every Child will come out of School adept in at least one Skill

* Common Standards of Learning in Public & Private Schools 

New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: School and Higher Education to See Major Changes -- 

Major Reforms in School Education :

• Board exams will be low stakes & test actual knowledge instead of rote learning

• Medium of instruction to be mother tongue or regional language till Class V 

• Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements

• National mission to focus on basic literacy and basic numeracy

• Major changes in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams

• All separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular will also be removed 

* New National Curriculum Framework for ECE, School, Teachers and Adult Education

* Board Examination will be Low Stakes, Based on Knowledge Application

* Medium of Instruction till at least Grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond in Home Language/ Mother tongue/ Regional Language. 

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* 360 degree Holistic Progress Card of Child

* Tracking Student Progress for Achieving Learning Outcomes

* National assessment center - PARAKH

* NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission TO HEIs

* National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) 

* Book Promotion Policy and Digital Libraries

* Transparent online self disclosure for public oversight and accountability

* Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)

* National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy

* 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure

* Curriculum to integrate 21st Century skills, Mathematical Thinking and Scientific Temper. 

* No Rigid Separation between Arts & Sciences, between Curricular and extra-Curricular activities between Vocational and Academic streams. 

* Education of Gifted Children

* Gender Inclusion Fund

* KGBVs upto Grade 12

* Reduction in Curriculum to Core Concepts

* Vocational integration from class 6 onwards

Major Reforms in Higher Education :

* 50% Gross Enrolment Ration by 2035

* Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education- Flexibility of Subjects

* Multiple Entry/Exit

* UG Programme - 3 or 4 years

* PG pgrogramme - 1 or 2 years

* Integrated 5 year bachelor's/Master's

* M Phil to be discontinued

* Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits

* HEIs: Research Intensive/ Teaching Intensive Universities and Autonomous Degree Granting College

*Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU)

* The present Education Policy was adopted in 1986 which have been continued till date that is for last 34 years

* The country got the education policy after 34 years

* The Union Cabinet, chaired by the PM himself, has approved the Draft of National Education Policy today morning.

* The Cabinet has also accepted the puposal of changing name of MHRD to Education Ministry.

* The vision of creating an education system that contributes directly to transforming the country, providing high-quality education to all, and making India a global knowledge superpower. 

Here are the Top 10 Points in the National Education Policy 2020 -- 

Cabinet Approves New National Education Policy: Key Points -

1. The Mother Tongue or local or regional language is to be the medium of instruction in all schools up to Class 5 (preferably till Class 8 and beyond), according to the policy. 

Under the NEP 2020, Sanskrit will be offered at all levels and foreign languages from the secondary school level. However, the policy also says "no language will be imposed on any student".

2. This point is likely to be viewed warily by many after controversy broke out in June last year, after the draft NEP was seen by many southern states as an attempt to impose Hindi on school students.

3. The 10+2 structure has been replaced with 5+3+3+4, consisting of 12 years of school and three of anganwadi or pre-school. This will be split as follows: a foundational stage (ages three and eight), three years of pre-primary (ages eight to 11), a preparatory stage (ages 11 to 14) and a secondary stage (ages 14 to 18). 

According to the government the revised structure will "bring hitherto uncovered age group of three to six years, recognised globally as crucial stage for development of mental faculties, under school curriculum".

4. Instead of exams being held every year, school students will sit only for three - at Classes 3, 5 and 8. Assessment in other years will shift to a "regular and formative" style that is more "competency-based, promotes learning and development and tests higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity".

5. Board exams will continue to be held for Classes 10 and 12 but even these will be re-designed with "holistic development" as the aim. 

Standards for this will be established by a new national assessment centre - PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development).

6. The policy, the government has said, aims at reducing curriculum load of students and allowing them to become more "multi-disciplinary" and "multi-lingual". 

There will be no rigid separation between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities and between vocational and academic stream, the government said.

7. To that end, the policy also proposes that higher education institutions like the IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) move towards "holistic education" by 2040 with greater inclusion of arts and humanities subjects for students studying science subjects, and vice versa.

8. The NEP 2020 proposes a four-year undergraduate programme with multiple exit options to give students flexibility. 

A multi-disciplinary bachelor's degree will be awarded after completing four years of study. 

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New Education Policy 2020: Doors open for foreign universities; 4-year UG with exit option, flexible Master’s 

Students exiting after two years will get a diploma and those leaving after 12 months will be have studied a vocational/professional course. MPhil (Master of Philosophy) courses are to be discontinued.

9. A Higher Education Council of India (HECI) will be set up to regulate higher education; the focus will be on institutions that have 3,000 or more students. 

Among the council's goals is to increase gross enrolment ratio from 26.3 per cent (2018) to 50 per cent by 2035. The HECI will not, however, have jurisdiction over legal and medical colleges.

10. The HECI will have four independent verticals -

• National Higher Education Regulatory Council for regulation,

• General Education Council to set standards, 

• Higher Education Grants Council for funding and

• National Accreditation Council for accreditation.  

Well India is all set to see a new National Education Policy (NEP) after 34 years. The new National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has been formulated after an unprecedented process of consultation that involved nearly over 2 lakh suggestions from 2.5 lakhs Gram Panchayats, 6600 Blocks, 6000 ULBs, 676 districts. 

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