Meaning, Definition, Relevance of Politics and the Differences with Political Science

Meaning, Definitions of Politics and the differences with Political Science and the Relevance --

=> Politics is that set of activities which are related to the governance of state or an area. It involves making decisions that apply to groups of members achieving and exercising positions of governance—organized control over a person's community. Politics which is a struggle for power and every activity which is concern with the struggle for power is call political activity.

 "Politics" (Greek: Πολιτικά, Politiká)a great work of Political Philosopher Aristotle, where he eradicate the power, the nature of state and the responsibility of any govt for the shake of its citizen. He, the father of Political Science first used the term 'Politics' for indicating the subject which is concerned itself with the study of life described in 'POLIS'. The term politics came to be popularly defined as the subject concerned with the study of state. 

Definitions --

According to the view of Harold Lasswell, "politics is who gets what, when and how?".

In the view of David Easton, "politics is all about the authoritative allocation of values for a society".

In view of Vladimir Lenin, "politics is the most concentrated expression of economics".

Paul Janet in his view regarding politics was, "Political Science is the part of social science which treats the foundations of the State and the principles of Government." 

According to Gettell says, "It is, a study of past, present and future of political organisations and political theories." 

Dr. Garner held that "Political Science begins and ends with the State." 

According to Leacock, "Political Science deals with Government." 

So from all the definitions of Political Science we clearly understood that the main subject of the study of Political Science is the State and Government.   

Regarding the view of politics, Bernard Crick argued that 

         Politics which is called as a distinctive form of rule where people act together through the institutionalized procedures to overcome from differences as well as to conciliate diverse interests and to make public policies in the pursuit of common purposes. 

Differences between Politics and Political Science --

•> Politics mainly involves the training of latest political patterns and observing those patterns overtime whereas political science giving importance to the masses with the aim of raising the living standards of the citizen.

•> Politics mainly is the affair of the country with the aspect of governance.  Political science on the opposite hand studies these aspects of governance and finds how to fullfill the theoretical aspects which facilitates the understandings of good governance.

•> Political Science mainly affect the masses (People) and tried to understand the problems with the aim of solving these problems through the attainment of power while politics deals with improving the structures and practices of the political organizations.

•> Politics is an ART and anyone can easily participate in the process thus as well as can also make it a group action while political science is that type of science which involved in learning the behavior and patterns of political systems.

•> The situation of the scenario of politics varies from country to country or region to region but in case of political science it happens everywhere in the universe and therefore the principle or rule of engagement are constant and for that they don’t vary.

Relevance of Politics --

 Politics which is a form of activities that are based on the base of state and government and specially it is a struggle for power. 

The nature of politics is always very much interesting because politics is related with the change and maintenance of the characters and existence of state. As of if there is any state there is bound to arise the concept of politics.. Therefore the concept of politics is a matter of state only. Politics is always be an essential or exclusive property of state as an association. 

The leadership required within and between each nation is heavier lifting that the weak machinery of government power can manage."
    Because politics affects our lifestyle quite we all know. Politics is the science of allocation of resources for the betterment of everyone. 

It requires great understanding and skills, commoner too must have a basic grasp of politics specially during a democracy - which is actually a system of check and balances. 

A democracy isn't travel by the govt alone but by both the citizens and the government. A society which is politically aware is a society that cares about its people’s well being.

In recent times political scientists have emphasised the decision making aspect of politics. Since there are some disagreement and conflicts in any type of society these must be resolved at the open level which requires that the highest authority at any level must take decision to settle the conflicts or narrowing down the sphere of disagreement.  

As best put in the words of Bertolt Brecht:

 “The worst illiterate is the political illiterate, whe doesn’t hear, doesn’t speak, nor participates in any political events of society. Who doesn’t know the value of life, the worth of the bean, of the fish, of the flour, of the rent, of the shoes and of the drugs , all depends on only by political decisions. The political illiterate is so stupid that he's proud and swells his chest saying that he hates politics. The imbecile doesn’t know that, from his political ignorance is born the prostitute, the abandoned child, and therefore the worst thieves of all, the bad politician, corrupted and flunky of the national and multinational companies.”
                                               _Thank You_

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